DE

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Flag de.png
Country: Germany
Continent: Europe
Capital: Berlin
Location: 52°31'N 13°22'E



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Overview
IDN capable: Yes
Handle Updates: Yes
Registration Period: 1 month or 1-10 years
Autorenew Grace Period: days
Deletion Timeframe: 1 day prior to expiration date
Registration System: Realtime
WHOIS-Server: whois.denic.de
WHOIS-Update: Real-time
WHOIS-Privacy:
Registry: Registry
Dispute Policy: Policy
DNSSEC: Yes


Contents

Zone Info

.DE is the official country code Top-Level-Domain (ccTLD) of Germany (Deutschland)

Zone Use

A .DE Domain is normally used by companies or private entities who are located in Germany.

Characters

  • Minimum: 1
  • Maximum: 63
  • Letters and numbers
  • Hyphens ("-"), however not at the beginning or directly in front of the TLD

IDN Info

IDN Character List
IDN Converter

Domain Registration

.DE domains can be registered online through webinterface or API.

[COMMAND]
(required)                
command         = AddDomain
domain          = yourdomain.de
ownercontact0   = ....
admincontact0   = ....
techcontact0    = ....
billingcontact0 = ....
nameserver0     = ....
nameserver1     = ....
                
EOF


Please note
Here you can find the DENIC Domain Guidelines, that should be considered.


Domain registration with Trustee Service

If the domain owner has no valid German postal address, he can register the domain with our Trustee service.

[COMMAND]
(required)                           
command                    = AddDomain
domain                     = yourdomain.de
ownercontact0              = ....
admincontact0              = ....
techcontact0               = ....
billingcontact0            = ....
nameserver0                = ....
nameserver1                = ....
X-DE-ACCEPT-TRUSTEE-TAC = 1
                           
EOF


Domain registration with NSentries

DENIC supports so called NSentries which can be used instead of name servers. Configuration details for name servers and NSEntries can be found here.

  • A and MX records are supported (CNAME and other records cannot be set)
  • wildcards (*) can only be used for MX, but not for A records.
  • only the corresponding domain name or subdomain name can be set as NSentry
  • NSentries can be used with AddDomain, ModifyDomain or TransferDomain command
  • up to 5 NSentries can be set using extension "X-DE-NSENTRY0" - "X-DE-NSENTRY4"
  • either NSentries OR nameservers can be used
  • if both values have been provided, the nameservers are ignored
  • if neither configured nameservers nor NSentries have been provided in AddDomain command, a default NSentry will be set in order to prevent the domain from deletion
  • the complete set of NSentries is always updated
  • .DE does not use name server objects; instead, only glue records are supported, wherefore a ModifyDomain has to be issued and a ModifyNameserver is not sufficient


Examples:

[COMMAND]
(required)                
command         = AddDomain
domain          = yourdomain.de
ownercontact0   = ....
admincontact0   = ....
techcontact0    = ....
billingcontact0 = ....
nameserver0     = ....
nameserver1     = ....
X-DE-NSENTRY0   = mail.domain.de. IN MX 10 mail.yourserver.de
X-DE-NSENTRY1   = www.domain.de. IN A 1.2.3.4
X-DE-NSENTRY2   = ftp.domain.de. IN A 1.2.3.4
X-DE-NSENTRY3   = mail.domain.de. IN A 1.2.3.4
X-DE-NSENTRY4   = smtp.domain.de. IN A 1.2.3.4
                
EOF


The NSEntry value can be changed with a domain modification command.


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Domain Modification

Trade

A change of the registrant for a .DE domain can be done by specifying the new owner contact handle with the ModifyDomain command.

[COMMAND]
(required)              
command       = ModifyDomain
domain        = yourdomain.DE
ownercontact0 = P-XXXXX
              
EOF
Attention.png Please note, that you need a signed confirmation form of the old and new owner, in case of a review of the ownerchange by DeNIC.


Please Note:
It is not possible to change the name and or organization within a contact handle after the domain has been registered. You have to create a new handle and modify the domain with this new handle.

Domain Renewal

As .DE domains can only be registered on a monthly or yearly basis, they cannot be renewed explicitly. To renew a .DE domain you have to set the domain renewal mode or default renewal mode to "AUTORENEW" or "RENEWONCE".

Deletion Process

.DE Domains can be deleted online through the DeleteDomain Command.

[COMMAND]
(required)        
command = DeleteDomain
domain  = yourdomain.DE
        
EOF
Attention.png Please note that you're only allowed to delete .DE domains if you have the authorization of the domain owner.


If you don't have the authorization of the owner you can push a domain to the registry (DeNIC Transit) with the PushDomain command or by setting the domain renewal mode to "AUTOEXPIRE".

[COMMAND]
(required)            
command     = SetDomainRenewalMode
renewalmode = AUTOEXPIRE
domain      = yourdomain.DE
            
EOF
Attention.png For most TLDs there is no difference between AUTODELETE and AUTOEXPIRE. But there is a difference for .DE domain names. If a .DE domain is set to AUTODELETE it will be deleted at the end of the registration period at the registry. In this case you will be able to restore the domain. If a .DE domain is set to AUTOEXPIRE it will be pushed to DENIC TRANSIT at the end of the registration period. Please remember that you need an authorization in order to delete a .DE domain.


Restrictions

  • Owner or Admin contacts must have a valid address (no P.O. Box) located in Germany.
  • Configured nameservers are required.
  • A web based ZoneCheck is available.

Transfers

.DE Transfers are possible. Upon successfully transfering a .DE domain, it is automatically renewed for one year. Please note that when a .DE Domain is transferred successfully, then the registration period starts from the beginning.

Transfer procedure

You can initiate a .DE domain transfer either through the RRPproxy WebInterface or through API.

[COMMAND]
(required)        
command = TransferDomain
domain  = domain.de
action  = request
auth    = .......
        
EOF

Please also refer to the Denic information provided for further information Provider Change with AuthInfo

Transfer notes

  • The transfer has to be initiated with an authcode.

Authorization Codes

You can set an authorization code via webinterface or API.

Please Note:
It is not possible to change the authorization code and anything else (nameserver, contacts) at the same time.

API Syntax of the new command:

[COMMAND]
(required)        
command = SetAuthCode
domain  = domain.de
auth    = AuthCode (optional)
type    = 1|2 (optional: default = 1 for AuthInfo1, 2 = AuthInfo2)
action  = set | delete (optional: default = set)
        
EOF


Requirements for a .DE authorization code

  • The authInfo will need to have at least twelve but not more than 16 characters.
  • Valid characters are:
A, B, C, D, E‚ F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
+, -, /, *
  • Invalid characters are:
I (uppercase i), l (lowercase l), O (uppercase o), o (lowercase o) and 0 (zero) and 1


Important information:

  • Two different codes are available: AuthInfo1 and AuthInfo2.
  • Once you set the authorization code it will be valid for a period of 30 days or until you delete it.
  • In the case that both codes are requested, you can use each of them for the transfer of domains.
  • You can only apply for AuthInfo1 for domains that are administered by us.
  • You are able to request for AuhtInfo2 for any domain name. The code will then be sent by certified mail to the domain holder respectively to the Admin-C by DENIC.
  • Please notice that the request for a AuthInfo2 is not free of charge.


Please Note:
AuthInfo2 is only necessary if your current provider is not willing or able to provide you with the current AuhInfo1. Then you have the ability to order a AuthInfo2 through your new registrar. After this has been initiated a letter will be send to the owner-c or admin-c (if owner-c has no German address) by mail. Please note also that this is not free of charge. For further information please contact our support

Transfer from RGP

Now, it is possible to transfer a .DE domain name during RGP but therefore it is mandatory to provide all contacts and two correctly configured nameservers within the TransferDomain command.

[COMMAND]
(required)                
command         = TransferDomain
domain          = yourdomain.de
auth            = 
ownercontact0   = P-XXXX (mandatory)
admincontact0   = P-XXXX (mandatory)
techcontact0    = P-XXXX (mandatory)
billingcontact0 = P-XXXX (mandatory)
nameserver0     = (mandatory)
nameserver1     = (mandatory)
                
EOF

Transfer Time

A transfer is done immediately.

Restores

After a .DE domain has been deleted, it will enter the RGP (Redemption Grace Period) which allows to restore the domain within 30 days. The RGP should protect against domain loss by accidental deletion. If no reactivation takes place in this period the domain will be deleted after 30 days. Domains with an ongoing dispute are excluded from this RGP rule and will be deleted directly and irrevocably.

Upon the deletion af a domain name, the domain status in the whois first changes to "RedemptionPeriod". If a AuthInfo2 code is requested during the Redemption Grace Period the period is reset to 30 days. .DE domains that are registered with another provider and are in the RGP can be restored with a TransferDomain command (when specifying the AuthInfo2 code) and transferred to RRPproxy.

[COMMAND]
(required)        
command = RestoreDomain
domain  = yourdomain.de
        
EOF

If a .DE domain expires it will be pushed into TRANSIT at the DENIC registry. Further information on DENIC TRANSIT can be found in the DENIC FAQ and the DENIC Transit landing page.


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