Glossary:IDN

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Definition

An internationalized domain name (IDN) is an Internet domain name that (potentially) contains non-ASCII characters. However, the standard for domain names does not allow such characters, so internationalized domain names have to be converted into standard ASCII domain names while. This is done by converting them into so-called punycode.

A tool for converting IDNs into punycode can be found here.

Please note, that only some TLDs support IDNs and some only support specific character sets. Have a look at the IDN category for a list of IDN capable TLDs and the corresponding TLD info for the supported character sets.

Language Tags

When registering IDN domains you have to specifiy the so-called language tag, which states what language/character set the domain name is in. The language tag is not always the same as the ISO Country code and are TLD specific.

Please take a look at the below tables for a list of valid IDN language tags.

.COM/.NET

Language Tag
Afrikaans AFR
Albanian ALB
Arabic ARA
Aragonese ARG
Armenian ARM
Assamese ASM
Asturian AST
Avestan AVE
Awadhi AWA
Azerbaijani AZE
Balinese BAN
Baluchi BAL
Basa BAS
Bashkir BAK
Basque BAQ
Belarusian BEL
Bengali BEN
Bhojpuri BHO
Bosnian BOS
Bulgarian BUL
Burmese BUR
Carib CAR
Catalan CAT
Chechen CHE
Language Tag
Chinese CHI
Chuvash CHV
Coptic COP
Corsican COS
Croatian SCR
Czech CZE
Danish DAN
Divehi DIV
Dogri DOI
Dutch DUT
English ENG
Estonian EST
Faroese FAO
Fijian FIJ
Finnish FIN
French FRE
Frisian FRI
Gaelic GLA
Georgian GEO
German GER
Gondi GON
Greek GRE
Gujarati GUJ
Hebrew HEB
Language Tag
Hindi HIN
Hungarian HUN
Icelandic ICE
Indic INC
Indonesian IND
Ingush INH
Irish GLE
Italian ITA
Japanese JPN
Javanese JAV
Kashmiri KAS
Kazakh KAZ
Khmer KHM
Kirghiz KIR
Korean KOR
Kurdish KUR
Lao LAO
Latvian LAV
Lithuanian LIT
Luxembourgisch LTZ
Macedonian MAC
Malayalam MAL
Malay MAY
Maltese MLT
Language Tag
Maori MAO
Moldavian MOL
Mongolian MON
Nepali NEP
Norwegian NOR
Oriya ORI
Ossetian OSS
Panjabi PAN
Persian PER
Polish POL
Portuguese POR
Pushto PUS
Rajasthani RAJ
Romanian RUM
Russian RUS
Samoan SMO
Sanskrit SAN
Sardinian SRD
Serbian SCC
Sindhi SND
Sinhalese SIN
Slovak SLO
Slovenian SLV
Somali SOM
Language Tag
Spanish SPA
Swahili SWA
Swedish SWE
Syriac SYR
Tajik TGK
Tamil TAM
Telugu TEL
Thai THA
Tibetan TIB
Turkish TUR
Ukrainian UKR
Urdu URD
Uzbek UZB
Vietnamese VIE
Welsh WEL
Yiddish YID


.ORG

see .ORG Characters

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